Connecting IoT Sensors data to Node-RED
This is the continuation of the Temperature sensor project in the previous post. The concept is to allow the data from sensors (temperature, motion) can be displayed in Apple Homekit, so that the user can interact with the information and control the IoT connected devices (Lights, Fan, etc). It is best described in the following picture.
The following instruction shows how to install Node-RED on a linux computer running Debian OS.
sudo npm install -g --unsafe-perm node-red
You will also need to install the mosquitto MQTT message broker, here are the command required
sudo apt-key add mosquitto-repo.gpg.key
sudo wget http://repo.mosquitto.org/debian/mosquitto-jessie.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mosquitto
You will also need the latest Python library, so grab them using the following instruction
sudo apt-get install python-dev
Test the installation. In this example I was using Linux Debian, so typing the command node if you get the following in the command prompt, that means the installation is successful. So then you can exit node by typing .exit command in the prompt >.
If all goes well, you can run the node-red command in the command prompt. You should get the following message. This shows that the node-red is now running at http://127.0.0.1:1880.
Node-RED setting file called settings.js, on Linux it is located in the /usr/lib/node-modules/node-red folder. You will have another settings.js file in the .node-red folder in your home folder. This setting will be loaded by default.
Creating the flow in Node-RED
Now that you have a running Node-RED, it is time to create the flow. In this example we will create a simple flow to read temperature posted by our ESP8266. Let’s start by firing up your favourite browser and point to the following URL: http://127.0.0.1:1880/
You will be presented with a blank screen similar to the following picture. Now to start creating a flow, drop an “Inject” node from input section. We will use this as a trigger to get the temperature reading. Once you dropped it in, double click to set the property. We call the node “timestamp” and we set the interval to repeat every 4 minutes.
The next step is to connect this with an “http” node, so drop an “http” node and configure this as http GET to call a server side script in the webserver. What the script needs to return is the temperature in JSON format as below:
So my data_store2.php script does exactly that, as shown in the following code:
/* readtemperature file from temp.txt file return the value back in JSON format for HomeKit */
$theparam = $_GET;
$file = './temp.txt';
$temperature = file_get_contents($file);
Now the final step is to connect to the “Homekit” node from the Advance nodes menu. Once you drop the “Homekit” node, you can double click to configure the property as below.
Once all had been connected, it is time to deploy the node. You can do this by clicking on the “Deploy” button at the top of the Node-RED window. You will need to click the “Deploy” button whenever you make any changes to the node. Sometime the deployment might stop the Node-RED server, so you just have to run the node-red command again in the command prompt.
If all goes well, you can now test this node by clicking on the button next to “timestamp” node, the temperature should be read from the webserver and displayed in Homekit, similar to the following picture.
That conclude this session on how to configure the Node-RED to work with our temperature sensor data from ESP8266. Please let me know if you have any questions related to this and don’t forget to subscribe for update on the similar projects. The next session we are going to connect this to the Apple homekit in IPhone or IPad.